Objectives
  • To develop an understanding of the indications and contraindications of oncological surgery by interacting with surgeons

  • To become knowledgeable about the role of oncological surgery in the staging, cure and palliation of patients with malignant diseases

Awareness
  • Recognition of the availability of different diagnostic procedures in various cancer types

  • Awareness of the existence of different prognostic factors in oncological entities

  • Appreciation of the importance of the multimodality approach to treat patients with solid tumours

  • Appreciation of the principles of the multimodality approach in patients with limited-stage disease

  • Appreciation how to assess a patient for suitability for surgery, including appropriate tests and their interpretation

  • Recognition of the importance of value based healthcare delivery regarding new surgical techniques and technical devices, respectively

Knowledge
  • Familiarity with the indications for organ preservation, reconstructive surgery, the extent of definitive surgery and the sequencing of surgery with other treatment modalities

  • Familiarity with the risks and benefits of surgery as a definitive treatment and as an adjunct to radiotherapy and/or systemic therapy, and how the risks and benefits differ based on whether neoadjuvant therapy is used

  • Knowledge of postoperative complications and the expected length of recovery, and the impact thereof on planned postoperative therapy

  • Understanding of the major importance of multidisciplinary decisions at initial presentation of the patient's disease, to achieve a better outcome

  • Understanding of the role of surgery in the metastatic and palliative setting

  • Understanding of the importance of prospective trials and why planning of surgical trials is different from planning of medical oncology and radiotherapy trials

  • Understanding of the importance of prospective data and tissue collection

Skills
  • Ability to contribute actively in presenting patient cases during multidisciplinary team meetings and to promote this systematic multidisciplinary strategy

  • Ability to discuss critically the treatment options/recommendations

  • Ability to contribute to discussions with colleagues and patients on general management strategies in the neoadjuvant and the adjuvant setting, as well as at advanced stage