• To understand the collective size and significance of rare cancer cases in the practice of medical oncology and to be aware of which main groups of cancers are rare

  • To understand the main specific issues posed by rare cancers and the gross organisational and methodological solutions to cope with them

  • Awareness that rare cancers amount to a significant proportion of new cancer cases

  • Recognition of the reasons why healthcare and clinical research deserve measures to cope with the specific problems posed by rare cancers

  • Familiarity with the conceptual implications of the main definitions of rare cancers and the collective size of their frequency resulting thereof

  • Knowledge of which are the big groupings of rare cancers

  • Knowledge of the healthcare organisational solutions which can be put in place in order to optimise outcomes of patients with rare cancer

  • Knowledge of the main methodological issues in clinical research underlying the excess of uncertainty which is typical of rare cancers

  • Ability to refer patients with rare cancer to centres of reference and how to proactively collaborate with these centres

  • Ability to share clinical uncertainty with patients and how to rationally deal with it in the clinical decision-making process